Refugee: A person from any country admitted as a refugee under section 207 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA).
Asylee: A person from any county who has been granted asylum under section 208 of the INA. Asylum status is a form of protection available to people who:
- Meet the definition of a refugee and
- Are already in the U.S., and/or
- Seeking admission at a port of entry.
Parolee: A person paroled as a refugee or granted political asylum under Section 212(d)(5) of the INA. This includes minors from other countries classified as a Special Immigrant Juvenile (SIJ).
Trafficking Victim: A person who is a certified victim of severe forms of trafficking and any approved family members (referred to as ‘T Visa’). To receive certification, victims of trafficking must:
- Be a victim of a severe form of trafficking as defined by the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA);
- Be willing to assist in every reasonable way in the investigation and prosecution of severe forms of trafficking or be unable to cooperate due to physical or psychological trauma; and
- Have made a bona fide application for a T visa that has not been denied; or
- Have received Continued Presence (CP) from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in order to contribute to the prosecution of human traffickers.
Cuban/Haitian Entrant: A person who is a Cuban or Haitian Entrant defined under 45 CFR part 40, which includes:
- Any Cuban/Haitian granted parole status by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, or any other such status later established under immigration laws,
- Any Cuban/Haitian who is: paroled to the U.S.; is the subject of exclusion or deportation proceedings, or; has an application for asylum pending; and a final, non-appealable and legally enforceable order of deportation or exclusion has not been entered’
- Any Haitian identified as Haitian Family Reunification Parolee (HFRP);
Amerasians: Amerasians from Vietnam who are admitted to the U.S. as immigrants under section 584 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing and Related Programs Appropriations Act of 1998.
Special Immigrant Visa (SIVs) holder: For their service to the U.S. government in Iraq and Afghanistan, Iraqi and Afghan Special Immigrants (SIVs) are granted status overseas by the U.S. Department of State and are brought to the United States for resettlement by the U.S. (per Section 8120 of PL 111-118).
Permanent Resident Alien: A person who previously held one of the statuses identified above whose status has subsequently been adjusted to that of permanent resident alien.
Additional information may be found on the Office of Refugee Resettlement’s website here.